Agile Dictionary - P - Plan-Do-Check-Act to push system - Prince2

A - Z Dictionary of terms for Prince2 Agile edition. This is the official Dictionary of terms for the Agile prince 2 method. PRINCE2® is a registered trade mark of AXELOS Limited. See glossaries for Managing Successful Programmes (MSP), Project Office Dictionary (P30), PRINCE2, ITIL and Risk Management. See also the Project Management Dictionary.

A - acceptance critera to Agilometer | B - backlog to business case | C - change authority to customer subject matter expert | D - definition of 'done' to Dynamic Systems Development Method | E - early adopter to experiment | F - G - feature to Glad! Sad! Mad! | H - I - higlight report to issue | K - Kaizen to Kano | L - lead time to Little's Law | M - manage by exception to MoSCoW | P - Plan-Do-Check-Act to push system | Q - quality assurance to quality tolerance | R - RACI to risk register | S - SAFe to supplier subject matter expert | T - team dynamics to transparency | U - V - user story to visioning | W - Waterfall method to workshop

P - Plan-Do-Check-Act to push system

Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA)

A four-stage cycle for process management, attributed to W. Edwards Deming. Plan-Do-Check-Act is also called the Deming Cycle. Plan – design or revise processes that support the IT services; Do – implement the plan and manage the processes; Check – measure the processes and IT services, compare with objectives and produce reports; Act – plan and implement changes to improve the processes

planning horizon

The period of time for which it is possible to plan accurately

product description

A description of a product's purpose, composition, derivation and quality criteria. It is produced at planning time, as soon as possible after the need for the product is identified."

product owner

The role assigned to managing the product backlog in order to get the most value from it by ordering and prioritizing it.

product roadmap

A diagram or document that shows the intended development path for a product. This would typically be a long-range plan that may cover several months if not years. It exists outside a project context but could be used to trigger project work.

product-based planning

A technique leading to a comprehensive plan based on the creation and delivery of required outputs. The technique considers prerequisite products, quality requirements and the dependencies between products.


A number of activities or projects that are planned and managed together.


A temporary organization that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to an agreed business case.

Read more on the characteristices of a Project - what is a project?

project assurance

The project board's responsibilities to assure itself that the project is being conducted correctly. The Project Board members each have a specific area of focus for project assurance, namely business assurance for the executive, user assurance for the senior user(s), and supplier assurance for the senior supplier(s).

project brief

Statement that describes the purpose, cost, time and performance requirements, and the constraints for a project. It is created pre-project during the Starting up a Project process and is used during the Initiating a Project process to create the project initiation documentation and its components. It is superseded by the project initiation documentation and not maintained.

Download a PRINCE2 Project Brief template - Mind map, Word or PDF format

Download a generic Project Brief template - Word or PDF format

project initiation documentation (PID)

A logical set of documents that brings together the key information needed to start the project on a sound basis and conveys the information to all concerned with the project. Learn more about the purpose and contents of the PID.

Download a Prince 2 Project Initiation Document - Mind map, Word or PDF format

Download a generic Project Initiation Document - Word or PDF format

project kick-off

Usually, a single event where visioning activities may take place and the team comes together for the first time. The event can be run as workshops and require preparation to ensure that time is used as effectively as possible. (See also visioning)

project management

The planning, delegating, monitoring and control of all aspects of the project, and the motivation of those involved, to achieve the project objectives within the expected performance targets for time, cost, quality, scope, benefits and risks.

project manager

The person with authority and responsibility to manage a project on a day-to-day basis to deliver the required products within the constraints agreed by the Project Board.

project plan

A high-level plan showing the major products of the project, when they will be delivered and at what cost. An initial project plan is presented as part of the project initiation documentation. This is revised as information on actual progress appears. It is a major control document for the Project Board to measure actual progress against expectations.

project product description

A special type of product description used to gain agreement from the user on the project's scope and requirements, to define the customer's quality expectations and to define the acceptance criteria for the project.

project support

An administrative role in the project management team. Project support can be in the form of advice and help with project management tools, guidance, administrative services such as filing, and the collection of actual data.


Something created to help prove or disprove an idea, or to help to improve the general understanding of a situation (e.g. the customer's needs). It could be something that evolves into a real product or is thrown away.

pull system

A way of working in which work is started or 'pulled' from upstream, but only as capacity becomes available. Kanban systems are pull systems. The availability of capacity and the ability to pull work are indicated by the gap between current work in progress and the corresponding limit. See also push system.

push system

The act of placing work into a system or activity without due regard to its available capacity. See also pull system.

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