A project team is a temporary team created to deliver a project. stakeholdermap.comProject teams are multi-disciplinary, team members are bought together from different departments and may include experts from external companies or suppliers. The project team are responsible for completing the project (doing the work) according to the project schedule.
Having the right skills within the project team is crucial to project success, and the membership of the project team may change as different skills are required for certain phases and deliverables.
Typically the project manager will be consistent throughout the project life cycle although on some large projects specialist project managers may lead certain phases for example a procurement or feasibility stage.
Project team locationProject teams may be located in the same building with rooms and facilities set aside for them. Obvious co-located project teams are those working on building projects. Projects following Agile methods are also frequently co-located.
Typical make up of a project team
- Project Sponsor or Project Executive. They may sit on a Project Board.*
- Project Manager*
- Subject Matter Experts (SMEs)*
- Change Management Function
- Project Assistant/Project Coordinator - Project Assistant Job Description
- Project Planner
- Risk Management function
- Team Manager(s) – Line managers of the SMEs
- Testing Manager(s)
- Testing team
- Quality Assurance function
Project team organization structureAs Lock explains it is vital that the Project Manager has sufficient seniority and authority to lead the project team. For the duration of the project the team should report (on project delivery) to the project manager and the organization structure of the project team should reflect the ownership of the project manager. An example project organization structure is shown below. The Project Manager heads the team with a direct reporting line to senior management.
Line management responsibility for the project team members won't necessarily transfer to the project manager, but the project manager should be allowed responsibility for all aspects of the project backed by company management.
Project teams – references and further readingProject Manager Job Descriptions - Download example job descriptions for Project Management roles.
Project Manager Salary - review the typical salary for project managers and the factors that impact their wages.
What is a Project? - Learn how to describe a project and understand the diference between a project and operations or business as usual.
S and K, Baker. (2000). The Complete Idiots Guide to Project Management, Indianapolis: alpha books, P. 51.
Lock, D. (2007). Project Management by Dennis Lock 9Rev edition (2007) 9th ed. Aldershot: Gower, p.137 - 138. Latest edition Project Management.