Programme Management - Definition and Meaning
Programme Management is the discipline of managing programmes of work, using defined tools and techniques, implemented by skilled programme management practitioners.stakeholdermap.com
Programme Management is a recognised discipline supported by a body of knowledge, qualifications and professional career structures.
What is a programme?
Programmes of projects are designed to deliver a vision
rather than specific outputs; they are more complex and involve managing change in a dynamic environment with no defined path. Get a Vision Statement Template
Programmes extend further than the project lifecycle to include benefits realisation. Benefits may be realised during and after the programme and require active management by the programme.
Additionally the programme lifecycle includes transition management and the maintenance of business as usual. Programmes are only closed once the outcomes are achieved and the benefits are self-sustaining. Figure 3 illustrates the differences.
A programme can be defined as "a portfolio of projects that are selected or commissioned, planned and managed in a co-ordinated way and which together achieve a set of defined business objectives." (MSP, 2003, p5)
How are Projects different from Programmes?
Projects are characterised by shorter timescales, a defined beginning and end, and a clear definition of the outputs that the project will deliver. Projects are suitable for the delivery of small changes with clear deliverables and a small impact on the organisation in terms of changes to processes, procedures, organisation or culture. For example the refurbishment of an existing office to accommodate an expanding, but already existing team, with a clear timescale and a clear brief.
A project can be defined as "a management environment that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to a specified Business Case." (PRINCE2, 2002, p7)
When should projects be grouped under a programme?
The following factors may influence a decision to manage projects under a programme:
- efficiency savings through the central management of resources, components or suppliers,
- very large projects that will have a single end product, but are reliant on the successful delivery of many smaller projects for example the building of the new Wembley stadium,
- and a strategy or initiative that will involve physical products, but also less tangible outputs like changed processes, attitudes or information flows. Here success means the delivery of products, but also the successful integration of those projects and the realisation of the benefits arising from the new capabilities.
Programme Management - references
Office of Government Commerce (2002), Managing Successful Projects with PRINCE2
, London: TSO
Office of Government Commerce (2007), Managing Successful Programmes
, London: TSO
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