What is Stakeholder Analysis?
Stakeholder Analysis is a systematic way to analyse stakeholders by their power and interest. High power, high interest stakeholders are Key Players. Low power and low interest stakeholders are least important.stakeholdermap.com
How to conduct a Stakeholder Analysis - with a free template
This is step 2 of a guide to Stakeholder Management covering 4 steps. If you haven't read step 1 you can access it here Step 1 Stakeholder Definition. See also Step 3 Stakeholder Management Planning and Step 4 Stakeholder EngagementOften the process of identifying stakeholders will result in a long list of individuals and groups. After listing all of the stakeholders for a large building project for a University I found that I had identified nearly 20,000 stakeholders. However, once I analysed the list I found that a significant proportion were made up of clearly identifiable groups of people with similar interests. The snap shot of my stakeholder analysis is shown below. It shows the stakeholder groups and their interest areas mapped onto a matrix.
Once you have mapped the interests of your stakeholders you need to prioritise them in order of importance. This step will drive your stakeholder engagement strategy. Different methodologies suggest different ways of analysing stakeholders some complex and some very simple. A common approach is to map the interest and power or influence of each stakeholder group on a quadrant (Bryson 1995: 71 -5).
This video tutorial on how to complete a stakeholder analysis gives some more detail and may help in preparing your organization for a stakeholder analysis session.
The power/interest model is very flexible. You can use it to review stakeholders in any area of your life or for any project at home or at work. For example see Stakeholder Analysis for your career.Identifying Key Players is crucial if your project is to succeed. They have a high political interest and are powerful enough to either stop work completely or to move mountains to make your project a success. Continuing our guide to Stakeholder Analysis here are some tips to on recognising the key players on your project.
Below is another example of a Stakeholder Analysis template created using a mind mapping tool. The first four branches organise stakeholders into the impact and influence groupings, and stakeholders are then mapped by adding branches to each group.
Using a mindmap is a great way of analysing stakeholders and many mindmapping tools have collaboration options which allow multiple people to work on an analysis. stakeholdermap.comThe mind map below was created using Mindmeister.com.
Stakeholder Analysis Mind map template
Adding influence to the Stakeholder Analysis
Adding influence lines to the Power and Interest matrix lends a subtlety and depth to your analysis by revealing the importance of stakeholders within each box in the matrix. They also reveal lines of communication between stakeholders predicting the path potential issues will follow as they flow along influence lines to become an important concern for a key player. stakeholdermap.comThis technique is based on Eden and Ackermann's method (1998: 349-50).
As a group review the matrix and think about who influences who. Draw lines between stakeholders to illustrate the influences between them, the lines can be in two directions, but you should try to identify the strongest direction of the influence.
An example of a completed analysis is shown below.
I suggest illustrating the stronger influence lines by using wider or darker lines. Once the lines are complete you will have clear indication of who are the most influential or central stakeholders.
The next page takes the stakeholder analysis techniques we have discussed and puts them together using a real example. Putting it all together - stakeholder analysis example.
Stakeholder Analysis resourcesFREE stakeholder analysis power/interest template
Basic Stakeholder Analysis Method
BPM Stakeholder Analysis
Career Stakeholder Analysis
Stakeholder Analysis Pleasure and Displeasure List
Key stakeholders - how to identify key business stakeholders"
Stakeholder mind map
All stakeholder map templates
Stakeholder Analysis bibliography and further reading
Bryson, J. (1995) Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations (rev. edn), San Francisco, CA: Jossey- Bass. Latest edition Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational Achievement (Bryson on Strategic Planning).
Eden, C. and Ackermann, F. (1998) Making Strategy: The Journey of Strategic Management, London: Sage Publications.
OGC, Managing successful programmes (Office of Government Commerce), London: TSO, 2007 pg. 51. Latest edition Managing successful programmes